Pollination - Merlin Tuttle's Bat Conservation

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A Commissaris's long-tongued bat (Glossophaga commissarisi) pollinating an orchid tree flower in Costa Rica. This tree is found in tropical forests worldwide, often referred to as an orchid tree. It is frequently used as an ornamental. Its flowers open and become receptive after sundown. Visiting bats are rewarded with large quantities of nectar, and in turn the long spider-like stamens, with anthers at the tips, ensure that pollen is deposited on bat wings while most other plants deposit it at various locations on their bodies. Bat pollinated plants minimize cross-species mixing of pollen to avoid: 1) clogging of stigmas with unrelated pollen, 2) reducing seed set, 3) producing inviable or unfit hybrids. Pollination

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